理论语言学系列讲座(十)

发布日期: 2020-12-18 浏览次数:
题目:话题、焦点和对照的非句法制图研究框架
主讲人:Marcel den Dikken 教授
时间:2020-12-18 17:20
地点:腾讯会议(ID:980 483 187)
主办单位:澳门太阳集团2018网站语言学系
讲座内容:

讲座内容摘要(Abstract

This paper unfolds the contours of a novel non-cartographic outlook on the syntax of information structure based on the idea that topichood, focushood and contrast are all defined with reference to the nature and position of the gap linked to the fronted constituent rather than the fronted element itself. Topic and focus functions are relational, and syntactically represented as such, with topic–comment and focus–presupposition relationships being mediated by a RELATOR: (1). Fronted topics and foci (occupying the position of ‘XP’ in (1)) are associated with different types of empty categories in different positions within YP. The RP in (1) can be inserted in both the high and the low left periphery; YP is necessarily a phase in the case of topic–comment relations (to shield ec from local binding by XP), which restricts the syntax of such relations in revealing ways. The structure in (1) yields explanatory insight into the Verb Second and copula distribution properties of focus and topic fronting, and into the parameters of variation in the comparative syntax of focalisation and topicalisation. (1) also makes precise and accurate predictions about the syntax of (non-)restrictive relativisation and focus and topic fronting in conditional clauses.

 

(1) [RP XPi [RN RELATOR [YP ... eci ... ]]]

a. XP = FOCUS if ec = bound variable

b. XP = TOPIC if ec = resumptive proform

i XP = TOPIC[–CONTRAST] if ec = in-situ personal pronoun

ii XP = TOPIC[+CONTRAST] only if ec = ex-situ demonstrative


主讲人简介:

马塞尔·邓·迪克肯(Marcel den Dikken),(匈牙利)罗兰大学(Eötvös Loránd University)英语语言学系研究型教授,(匈牙利)语言研究院高级研究员,澳门太阳集团2018网站语言学系国际教授委员会成员。编有《剑桥生成语法手册》,并参与编辑《自然语言与语言理论研究》系列丛书,曾任《自然语言与语言理论》主编。

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